How to Play Bridge – An Introduction for Beginners

Bridge is a game for 4 players. It is played using a standard pack of playing cards.

The players play as two pairs or partners – generally referred to as North & South and East & West. Partners sit opposite each other.

At the start of a game all the cards are dealt, so that each player holds 13 cards. Each player then sorts their cards into the four suits (spades, hearts, diamonds, clubs). The cards are valued in descending order, with Ace being high.

Each player counts up the total number of “high card points” in their hand. Count 4 points for each ace, 3 points for each king, 2 points for each queen and 1 point for each jack. There are a total of 40 points.

Example: You are dealt – A,10,7,6 of spades, K, 3, 2 of hearts, J,8,6 of diamonds, 9,5,4 clubs. Add up your points, counting four for the ace of spades, 3 for the kind of hearts and 1 for the jack of diamonds. A total of 8 points.

Starting with the player to the left of the dealer, each person in turn decides whether they have enough points to “open” the bidding. The general rule is that you should hold at least 12 points to open the bidding. If you have less than 12 points you simply say “pass”.

Move anti-clockwise around the table until a player has enough points to open the bidding. If all four players pass then the cards are reshuffled and re-dealt.

When a player has opened the bidding the next player has the option of bidding or passing. The decision is based not only on the number of points, but also on the make-up of their hand. They might decide to pass, even if they have 12+ points …

Caring for a Spouse with Arthritis

People with arthritis suffer from chronic pain and this often makes them irritable. Living with someone who seems to be constantly on edge can be a challenge and often, you may find yourself combating feelings of resentment. However, by following a few simple guidelines, it is possible to maintain the right perspective and ensure you remain calm and deal lovingly with an arthritic and irritable spouse.

Develop Empathy

A person with arthritis tends to have occasional flare-ups in which there is severe pain in the joints. Of course, visiting a Vancouver physiotherapist may provide some relief but the chronic nature of the pain means that a person may often find it difficult to move about and carry out their personal routine activities; most importantly, he or she may find it unable to sleep peacefully and deeply. Lack of sleep can make any person tired and irritable; no wonder then that your arthritic spouse may be snappy and rude.

For people who have always been independently going about life, it can be devastating to have to rely on someone – even a loved spouse – caring for them. The constant dependency combined with the pain eats away at the arthritic patient’s self-esteem and this can cause him or her to want to withdraw. When you, in your enthusiasm of caring for your spouse, try to help out in whatever way you think to be best, it may elicit a negative reaction but it helps to remember where this reaction is coming from – a low self-image. Put yourself in his or her shoes anytime you feel like snapping back in reply, and you will slowly find your anger ebbing away.

Connect with Other Caregivers

Speak to the Vancouver physiotherapist you visit about the conflict in your mind about caring for your …